Wear moisture-wicking base layers to keep sweat away from your skin, followed by insulating layers and a windproof outer shell.
Wear a hat or headband to cover your ears, gloves or mittens to protect your hands, and moisture-wicking socks to keep your feet dry and warm.
Opt for running shoes with good traction to prevent slips on icy or snowy surfaces. Consider using trail running shoes for added grip.
Spend a few minutes doing dynamic stretches or light exercises indoors before heading out. This can help warm up your muscles and prepare your body for the cold.
If possible, run during daylight hours to increase visibility and avoid icy patches or hidden hazards on the road or trails.
Despite the cold weather, it's essential to stay hydrated. Drink water before, during (if running long distances), and after your run.
Apply a layer of moisturizer or petroleum jelly to exposed skin to prevent windburn and chapping. Use sunscreen on any exposed areas, as UV rays can still cause damage in winter.
Wear reflective or brightly colored clothing and gear to ensure visibility to drivers, especially in low-light conditions.
Pay attention to how your body feels during the run. If you experience numbness, excessive shivering, or dizziness, it's essential to seek shelter and warmth immediately.