Immediately isolate the infected dog to prevent the spread of the virus to other pets. Distemper is highly contagious, and infected dogs can shed the virus for weeks.
Seek immediate veterinary attention. Distemper requires professional diagnosis and treatment. A veterinarian will conduct a physical examination and may perform blood tests to confirm the virus.
Quarantine the infected dog for at least four weeks or as recommended by the veterinarian. This prevents the virus from spreading to other dogs in the household or community.
Distemper can cause dehydration. Administer fluid therapy under the guidance of a veterinarian to maintain hydration levels. This may involve intravenous or subcutaneous fluids.
Provide a nutritious diet to support the dog's immune system. High-quality, easily digestible food can help strengthen the dog's ability to fight the virus.
Follow the veterinarian's prescribed medications. Antiviral drugs and antibiotics may be administered to manage secondary bacterial infections that can arise due to a weakened immune system.
Distemper can be transmitted from wildlife to dogs. Avoid contact with raccoons, foxes, and other potentially infected animals. Keep the infected dog away from wildlife to prevent cross-species transmission.
Ensure that all other dogs in the household are up-to-date on vaccinations. Distemper is preventable through routine vaccinations. Follow your veterinarian's recommended vaccination schedule.
Thoroughly clean and disinfect the living environment, including food and water bowls, bedding, and toys. Distemper virus can survive in the environment for a certain period, so proper cleaning is crucial.