Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Chlamydia

A bacterial infection, often asymptomatic, that can affect the genitals, rectum, and throat. Untreated chlamydia can lead to serious complications.

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Gonorrhea

Caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, gonorrhea can affect the genital tract, rectum, and throat. It may lead to complications if left untreated.

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Syphilis

A bacterial infection with stages of progression. Syphilis can cause sores, rashes, and internal organ damage. Early detection and treatment are crucial.

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Herpes (HSV-1 and HSV-2)

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) causes oral and genital herpes. It manifests as painful sores and may recur. While there is no cure, antiviral medications can manage symptoms.

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Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

A common virus with various strains, some of which can cause genital warts and increase the risk of certain cancers. Vaccination is available to prevent some HPV infections.

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HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

HIV attacks the immune system, leading to AIDS if untreated. It spreads through blood, sexual fluids, and breast milk. Antiretroviral therapy can manage HIV.

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Trichomoniasis

A parasitic infection caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis. It primarily affects the genital area and may cause itching and discharge.

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Hepatitis B and C

Viral infections affecting the liver. Hepatitis B and C can spread through sexual contact, sharing needles, or from mother to child during childbirth. Chronic hepatitis can lead to severe liver damage.

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Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

While not always classified as an STD, BV is a common vaginal infection linked to sexual activity. It involves an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina, leading to symptoms like discharge and odor.