Side Effects of Antibiotics

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Gastrointestinal Distress

One of the most common side effects is gastrointestinal upset, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Antibiotics can disrupt the balance of beneficial bacteria in the gut, leading to these symptoms.

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Allergic Reactions

Some individuals may be allergic to certain antibiotics, leading to allergic reactions ranging from mild skin rashes to severe anaphylaxis. It's crucial to seek immediate medical attention if any signs of an allergic reaction occur.

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Yeast Infections

Antibiotics can disrupt the balance of microorganisms in the body, leading to overgrowth of the fungus Candida. This overgrowth can result in yeast infections, commonly affecting areas like the mouth (oral thrush) or genital region.

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Photosensitivity

Certain antibiotics, like tetracyclines, can make the skin more sensitive to sunlight, increasing the risk of sunburn. It's advisable to use sunscreen and protective clothing during antibiotic treatment.

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Drug Interactions

Antibiotics can interact with other medications, potentially affecting their efficacy or increasing the risk of side effects. It's important to inform healthcare providers about all medications being taken to avoid potential interactions.

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Kidney Damage

Some antibiotics, especially when used in high doses or for prolonged periods, may pose a risk of kidney damage. Monitoring kidney function is essential, especially in individuals with pre-existing kidney conditions.

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Blood Clotting Issues

Certain antibiotics, like trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, can interfere with the normal metabolism of folate, a B-vitamin essential for blood cell production. This interference may lead to blood clotting issues in rare cases.

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Peripheral Neuropathy

Some antibiotics, particularly those in the fluoroquinolone class, have been associated with peripheral neuropathy, causing tingling, numbness, or pain in the extremities. This side effect is rare but can be serious.

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Clostridium difficile Infection

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